24 April 2016

Carbon Canyon Fire Safe Council Brush Drop Off A Success


Yesterday's Brush Drop Off program, coordinated by the Carbon Canyon Fire Safe Council, went great.

From 8 a.m. until about Noon, a few Council volunteers assisted residents from the Chino Hills portion of the canyon, in unloading and filling a 40-foot long roll-off bin of all kinds of cut material, from brush to tree limbs and other items.


This program is made possible with funding from the City of Chino Hills and the bin dropped off and picked up by Chino Hills Disposal, as well as the coordination of Council chairperson Charlie Blank.

The haul was pretty impressive--somewhere from 7,000 to 8,000 pounds of flammable plant material was removed from the canyon.


With yet another dry winter in our region portending what will almost certainly be a high risk for wildfires this summer and fall, anything we can do to mitigate that risk in the way of brush removal becomes that much more important.

So, thanks to the Carbon Canyon Fire Safe Council, the City of Chino Hills, Chino Hills Disposal, and participating residents for the collaborative effort on reducing wildfire risk in our canyon!

21 April 2016

Hills for Everyone Fundraiser in Carbon Canyon on 30 April

On Saturday, 30 April from 4 to 7:30 p.m., Hills for Everyone, the organization that has been leading the fight to preserve habitat and open space in Carbon Canyon and nearby areas and heading the legal battle against the proposed Madrona project of 162 houses in the canyon, is holding a fundraiser to continue that court fight.

The venue is the hilltop home of Andy and Jolene Grinstead in Carbon Canyon, where their new 5,400-square foot residence, spacious property on 33 acres and stunning views will be among the attractions at the event.  In addition, there will be a presentation by falconer Joy Roy III of Aerial Predators featuring several birds of prey, house tours and a silent auction.

Tickets are $100 per person with 85% of that going towards the continuing effort to stave off the State of Idaho's appeal on Madrona (the remainder covers the food and drinks.)

There are no at-the-door (or at-the-driveway) tickets, so the only way to attend this event is by purchasing in advance over at the HEF website, using PayPal,

Click here for more information and to make your reservations for this unique and special event!

16 April 2016

Carbon Canyon Brush Drop-Off Day Next Saturday!

The Carbon Canyon Fire Safe Council's annual spring brush drop-off day is next Saturday the 23rd from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.  Carbon Canyon residents in the Chino Hills portion only can bring cut brush to the drop-off location next to Fire Station 64 on Canon Lane just north of Carbon Canyon Road.

Thanks to the City of Chino Hills and Chino Hills Disposal, who are paying for and providing a roll-off bin, the brush can be deposited at the site for Chino Hills Disposal to haul away.  Fire Safe Council volunteers will be present to assist.

Property inspections by the Chino Valley Independent Fire District are underway and there is a 15 May deadline for canyon residents to cut brush and remove other material that can be a fire risk and the drop-off is one way to dispose of these items--the other, of course, being the trash cans provided by the disposal company.  But, for larger quantities of brush, this is the way to go.

09 April 2016

Soquel Canyon: A Murderer's Hideout 150 Years Ago

On 17 September 1854, on what is now Valley Boulevard in the City of Industry, but at that time generally known as the "Colorado Road" or "Valley Road" on the portion owned by rancher William Workman on the massive Rancho La Puente, according to the Los Angeles Star newspaper, "a horrid murder was consummated by three fiends in human shape."

James Ellington, who had recently moved to the community of El Monte, settled three years before by emigrants from the American South, and who lived on the east side of the San Gabriel River (at that time flowing in the channel now called the Rio Hondo), was out "to hunt some of his stock" which had wandered loose.  Later that afternoon, a young man looking for cattle, "found Mr. Ellinton lying on the ground wounded, and, as he supposed, nearly dead."

After help was summoned it was determined that Ellington was, after all, "perfectly dead."  The county coroner was not available because he was holding an inquest up at Tejon in the northern extremes of the county, so a Los Angeles doctor, Henry Myles, was brought out from a religious camp meeting in El Monte to hold the inquest, with six local residents serving as jurors.  It was determined that Ellington had been pierced "with fourteen wounds on his body, made by some sharp instrument like a sword or lance."

Myles reported that Ellington's revolver, some $300, and his hat were taken and a good deal of time was spent describing the latter, because it appeared one of the killers took it and left their own "very mean one, apparently belonging to an Indian, or low Sonorian—we hardly believe a Californians in the county could be found with a hat of similar quality," as described by the Star.  The insinuation clearly was that the murderer would be found with a fancy Parisian hat at odds with his "low" appearance as an Indian or Mexican.

The Los Angeles Southern Californian report on the murder of El Monte resident James Ellington, 21 September 1854.
The Southern Californian, Los Angeles' other weekly paper, issued its report, adding that Ellington was evidently first attacked about a half a mile from his house and then chased about that distance further east.  It repeated other of the details found in the Star, including the fact that one of the killers must have been "an Indian or some low Mexican."

The paper did add some details about the scene of Ellington's death and the evidence noted there, as well as the fact that "Californians and Sonorians were in the habit of coming about his house, and as he generally carried the above amount of money about him, in his purse, it is probable that the fact may have been noticed by them."  It also added that Ellington had planned on going to the same camp meeting where Myles was when called to conduct the inquest.

The following day, the 18th, a pig herder, Charles Moore, on the Rancho Santa Gertrudes, owned by Lemuel Carpenter, where La Mirada, Santa Fe Springs and other modern communities are now, repoted that "he was accosted by two Mexicans or Sonorians, and a boy, in a friendly manner, who asked Moore for some whiskey," as reported by the Star.  They also asked for a match and some string and, while one was cutting the latter, he struck out at Moore, hitting his hand as he raised it in defense.  Moore than jumped from his horse and ran "one of them firing four shots at him as he ran."

Moore noted that "they were armed with one six shooter and a large bowie knife with a black handle."  In addition, he continued, "one of these men wore a black fur hat, corresponding in size and shape to the one Ellington wore when he was assassinated the day previous."  Consequently, about ten men headed out to track down these three persons on Tuesday the 19th.

On 12 October, the county Grand Jury submitted its report, noting that there were five criminal cases it examined, but that "upon an investigation of the circumstances relative to the murder of James Ellington, there was no sufficient testimony to attach culpability to any person."  This was because the killers were still at large, nearly a month after the killing.

The next day, the 13th, Pinckney Clifford was murdered at a Los Angeles livery stable where he worked by David Brown, a former deputy constable as well as a petty criminal with a sordid history from his days in Texas and elsewhere in the West, who stabbed Clifford during an argument and was promptly apprehended, jailed and then examined by the town's justice of the peace.

On the 14th, a public meeting was held at the county court house and it was determined that, the law being ineffective, citizens should take the matter into their own hands, as had been done several times before, and exact justice on Brown.

After a quick "popular tribunal," at which it was determined that Brown was guilty, Los Angeles mayor Stephen C. Foster "appeared and wishes to be heard for one moment,  He mounted the table  . . . and [said] he was anxious, and he oped the people would be so too, to give them [the courts] one more chance at the speedy administration of the law."

Moreover, Foster promised the assembly that "in the event of the prsoner escaping by any quibbles or ticks, he would at once resign his office and be the first to go and inflict summary punishment upon Brown."  These words proved effective, as the group decided to follow Foster's recommendations.

The arrest of Felipe Alvtire and an Indian woman "in the hills between the Coyote and Chino Ranchos" as covered in the Los Angeles Southern Californian, 2 November 1854.
On 26 September, Ignacio Palomares, co-owner of the Rancho San José, comprising modern Pomona and surrounding areas, rode into Los Angeles with two prisoners, a man and a woman, who he captured "in the hills between the Coyote and Chino Ranchos."  The last two places were the Rancho Los Coyotes, today's La Habra and Fullerton areas, and the Rancho Santa Ana del Chino, which comprises Chino and Chino Hills, including part of Carbon Canyon.

Palomares, as reported in the Southern Californian on 2 November, stated that he "was out hunting some stolen horses of his, [and] encountered in the hills two horses, saddled; and in search the cause of their being there, he discovered" the man and woman, the latter "dressed in male attire."  The two tried to flee by "runing over the hill—immediately pursuit being made, they stopped."

The man, who gave his name as Felipe Alvitre, whose father was one of the early Spanish soldiers in California and whose family lived in Misión Vieja or the old Mission San Gabriel location in Whittier Narrows, near El Monte, handed over a revolver and a knife.  Alvitre also stated "that he was hiding on account of crimes which he had committed," including the killing of Ellington and the murder of a Chilean near the Rancho Coyotes and that a brother and an Indian were with him at both homicides.

When questioned further about the Ellington homicide, "Alvitre, in giving his reason for killing Ellington, said he 'thought he might as well kill him as not'."  As for the unnamed Chilean, it was "for some sharp answer made to him on the road."

Notably, the Southern Californian did not identify the specific location of the capture of Alvitre and the woman, but did report on the attempts of county jailer Francis Carpenter and a posse who were searching for Alvitre and "thoroughly examined the Canada of Santiago, (one of the principal lairs of the outlaws), but could discover nothing," though Carpenter identified Santiago Canyon east of Orange, as "on of the wildest of places, and affording the most complete faculties for security of any spot he has ever visited."

That paper did say "there are many other fortresses equally as well calculated to receive fugitives from justice, in which they can take refuge until such time as the coast becomes clearer".

The Star had an account of the capture with different detail.  For example it stated that the Indian girl found with Alvitre was named Inocencia (she was soon released from custody as having no involvement in the crimes) and that Alvitre's brother, Jose, a Mexican from Sonora named Martín and a 14-year old Indian named Miguel, who was employed by William Workman at Rancho La Puente were the others involved in the murders of Ellington and the Chilean, who the Star identified as Gorgonio Carrera.  The Alvitre brothers and Miguel were involved in Ellington's murder, while Martín joined them when Carrera was killed on the road from Los Coyotes to the house of Domingo Yorba in what is now Santa Ana.

As to Alvitre's capture, Palomares was joined by Ramon Ybarra, whose family owned Rancho Cañada de la Brea (Brea Canyon), Inocente Valdez and others.  More interestingly, the location where the arrest was made was given as "Cañada del Saucal" otherwise known as Soquel Canyon.

The Los Angeles Star's coverage of the execution of Felipe Alvitre, 18 January 1855.
After his capture, Alvitre was tried and convicted in the District Court in Los Angeles and Judge Benjmain Hayes sentenced him to be hung on 12 January 1855, along with David Brown, who was convicted at the same term of the court.  When Brown's attorneys were able to secure from the state supreme court a stay in the execution pending an appeal on the grounds of an impartial trial (after all, the mayor of Los Angeles threatened to resign and lead a lynching!), Alvitre's petition to the supreme court was, according to Judge Hayes, misdelivered.

Consequently, when the day of execution arrived, Alvitre was hung as the sentence dictated.  Enraged crowds gathered at the jail demanded that Brown be taken out and lynched.  Sure enough, Stephen Foster arrived, promptly resigned as mayor, and joined the mob that stormed the jail, seized Brown and hung him just a short time after Alvitre.  Incidentally, when a special election was held just after the episode, Foster was elected back to his office!

A recent post on this blog on the Chino Ranch Ride, held in Soquel Canyon from the 1930s to the 1980s, featured an early program that provided a fancilful history including the assertion that the canyon was a hideout for the legendary Joaquin Murrieta, who was said to have killed in 1853.  Though it is doubtful that writers of the program knew about Felipe Alvitre and his hideout in Soquel Canyon the year after Murrieta's demise, the assumption makes sense.

Soquel Canyon is often narrow and can be filled with plant life along its creek during wet years and it obviously served as an excellent hiding place for Alvitre and his female companion for almost a month in September and October 1854.

03 April 2016

How Telegraph Canyon Got Its Name

The last post talked briefly about and included photographs of what appears to be the remains of telegraph poles and wires which run in a northeasterly direction through Chino Hills State Park, including a few examples running across the South Ridge Trail on the Yorba Linda side and then others that are on the north side of Telegraph Canyon climbing up to the North Ridge Trail paralleling Soquel Canyon and Chino Hills.

Speculation in that post was that the lines were installed in the late 1880s to connect the new towns of Chino and Carlton, the latter being on the Olinda Ranch where Yorba Linda and Brea meet today, near the intersections of Imperial Highway and Valencia Avenue.  This was related to the fact that Richard Gird, proprietor of the Rancho Santa Ana del Chino and creator of the town of Chino, planned, with the founders of Carlton, to build a railroad linking the two towns and extending beyond to the Pacific Ocean by running the line through Soquel Canyon.

On this day, 3 April 1935, the Santa Ana Register ran a feature on the story by Marah Adams behind how Telegraph Canyon got its name.  It started by observing that it was on 3 April 1861 that the Pony Express began service from St. Louis to Sacramento and that the technological innovation that doomed the mail service by horseback was the creation of the telegraph.

This is the text of a Santa Ana Register article, dated 3 April 1935, by Marah Adams on the history of Telegraph Canyon.
The article also noted that the first telegraph line to reach greater Los Angeles came down from San Francisco in fall 1860.  This was followed by a line built from Los Angeles to San Diego--the piece didn't give a date, but it was in 1870.

The information given was misleading, though, as it seemed to indicate that the lines crossing Telegraph Canyon were built in 1870 and the opening paragraph claimed that "the first telegrams sent in Southern California went humming along the wires of this road."  It also stated that the messages transmitted along the line "mystified the Indians who watched for visible messages and who regarded the armed poles as crosses to ward off evil spirits."

These statements are also not factual.  The telegraph line followed the flat valley floor from Los Angeles through what became, in 1889, Orange County, and then followed the coast down to San Diego.  In addition, the reference to native Indians is problematic because their numbers were not severely depleted by 1870, but there were almost certainly no native villages or habitation in the vicinity at that time.

Besides, the article then went on to conclude that "while a part of the San Diego and Los Angeles system, the line through Telegraph canyon connected La Habra to San Bernardino, it is said."  The italics are added, because the use of the words "it is said" is a sure indication that the author didn't find any proof of the statement's accuracy, but only got it from hearsay.

La Habra wasn't founded until 1896, yet the piece had this to say:
Andrew J. Friend, who has lived in Telegraph canyon for the past 40 years, remembers well when the line ran near his little home nestled under the shadow of the hills which seem to meet and end in a summit at the end of the deep valley.  He still has under his control 3000 acres of grazing land, where hundreds of cattle roam on property which was once owned by Richard Gird, an early settler of southern California whose heldings [holdings] are said by Friend to have extended from Orange county beyond Corona.
If Friend settled in the canyon in the mid-1890s and the telegraph line was already there, it couldn't have been built to link San Bernardino with a La Habra that didn't exist yet.  Instead, it is more likely that the line went to the new town of Carlton, laid out in the late 1880s land boom, and then went to Chino, where it certainly could have been extended to San Bernardino.

The Register article included this great photo of Andrew J. Friend, a rancher who lived in Telegraph Canyon and first began running cattle there in the mid-1890s, standing by the rough wood gate to his ranch.  Friend's family still grazes livestock in the Chino Hills.
The other factual problem dealt with Gird, who came to southern California in 1881, hardly making him an "early settler," but, more relevant, his landholdings on the Rancho Santa Ana del Chino did not go beyond Corona, though they did touch the future Orange County border in regions that include Telegraph Canyon and today's Chino Hills State Park.

What is interesting, though, is the article carried a photo of Friend standing behind the rough wooden gate to his property on Telegraph Canyon Road.  Somewhere along the trail within the state park is that exact location.

In addition, cattle is still being grazed in the area by the widow of Friend's late grandson, William, who died a few years ago, meaning that the Friend family has been maintaining its ranching presence in the Chino Hills for at least 120 years!

Another interesting little tidbit in the Register piece is the mention of the fact that Orange County fire authorities had just received permission from Friend to build an access road up to one of the summits, perhaps San Juan Hill or another one along the South Ridge Trail, as a route for fire-fighting vehicles during wildfires.

As interesting as the 1935 Register article is, its accuracy about how Telegraph Canyon got its name is questionable.  Maybe someday more definitive information will be found.

26 March 2016

A Trek Through Chino Hills State Park

Yesterday's excursion in the Chino Hills north of Carbon Canyon was a qiuck walk around the block compared to today's marathon 15-mile trek through Chino Hills State Park (with a 13-year old, no less.)

A portion of the South Ridge Trail looking westward.
The hike began at the park's Discovery Center in Brea at about 8:30 or so, with the intention of heading up the North Ridge Trail, which overlooks Carbon and Soquel canyons.

Just one of many spots along the South Ridge Trail to take in panoramic views of inland Orange County and nearby areas.
But, the trail was closed, apparently because of some unstable areas, so plans were altered to head up Telegraph Canyon and, then about 1 1/2 miles in, a quick, steep ascent up the Diemer Trail (named for Metropolitan Water District of Southern California chief Robert Diemer, for whom the adjacent water treatment plant is also named) to the South Ridge Trail.

A nice detail of the rolling hillsides and taller hills northeast of the South Ridge Trail, with remnants of a few short poles, some with lines still attached, that appear to be from a late 19th-century telegraph line from the new towns of Chino to Carlton.
The walk then headed east along with some steep ascents and descents and spectacular views to the south and west, albeit with some coastal haze, towards inland Orange County and out towards the Santa Ana Mountains.

It had been some years, probably fifteen or so, since this blogger had been on this trail, so, while the views were not surprising, what had been forgotten was just how close some of the housing tracts in Yorba Linda are to the state park.

A section of the South Ridge Trail literally runs along the backwards of several Yorba Linda tract houses at the Rimcrest entrance.  Great for local access to wildland areas, but graffiti and broken better bottles were found at nearby overlook.
In fact, the Rimcrest entrance is very convenient, because it is just steps from that street to the park and access via South Ridge or the aptly-named Easy Street Trail, which descends into Telegraph Canyon.

But, the flip side comes with an overlook just to the west of Rimcrest that once had an interpretive sign, but now is a graffiti-marred base, with some rock formations spray-painted, and lots of broken bits of glas from beer bottles to serve as a reminder that sometimes it is made too easy for some people to get to nature.

Another fine view of the park, looking west from the South Ridge Trail.
At any rate, a steep series of climbs along South Ridge east of Rimcrest, where the partiers likely couldn't, or wouldn't, go leaves the mess behind.

Just short of the highest point at that portion of the park, San Juan Hill, is a side trail called Bovinian (bovine meaning "cattle") that winds along a pretty hillside route and then descends and turns into the Desire Trail the further drops down along a nice route to Telegraph Canyon.

A section of the Desire Trail, heading down slope from the South Ridge Trail, via the Bovinian Trail, to Telegraph Canyon.
Here the trail terminates at Four Corners, which is one of the central points of the park.  A covered picnic area, interpretive signage and maps, and a Porta-Pottie are there to provide a nice place to rest.  Having gone some 8+ miles to that point, there was about a half-hour break before the hike pressed on.  From there, Telegraph Canyon continues east, Raptor Ridge heads northeast, and the Gilman and McDermont trails head north to the North Ridge Trail.

Reached by several trails, Four Corners is a great place to stop and rest and enjoy the wide open spaces and solitude of Chino Hills State Park.
Following Telegraph Canyon westward, just a couple of hundred feet or so away, leads to McDermont Springs, one of the few places where there is water within the park.  From there, it is a good 6 1/2 miles or so along the mostly flat road back towards the Discovery Center.

Just off the Telegraph Canyon Trail a short distance west of Four Corners (where the trees are at the upper left) is McDermont Springs, one of the few water sources in the park.
The first part of the walk features some abundant shade, tall and spreading oaks and sycamores, and the Aliso Creek running alongside the trail.  There was a nice spot south of the road with a picnic table near the creek and well-shaded by oaks, with an impressive oak grove across the trail.

A nice grove of oaks along the Telegraph Canyon Trail, not far west of Four Corners.
Both along the South Ridge Trail and at Telegraph Canyon are old wooden poles, perhaps 12-15 feet tall, with, in some cases, wire still hanging from them.

Again, it had been years since these areas were last visited, but it dawned that these were almost certainly the old telegraph poles and lines from which the canyon got its name.

The thickly-shaded sections of the Telegraph Canyon Trail are seen in this view looking west from Four Corners.
Recent research has shown that there was a plan in the late 1880s, during the famous population and land boom of the time, when Richard Gird, the owner of Rancho Santa Ana del Chino and the founder of the town of Chino, planned to build a railroad from his new community out to another new townsite, Carlton, on the Olinda Ranch.

The railroad was projected to go through Soquel Canyon and then exit out where it meets Carbon Canyon in today's Olinda Village and then on to Anaheim.  More on this project, which never got beyond the planning stage when the boom went busted by 1889, in a later post on this blog.

Several remnant poles, apparently from that telegraph line, dot the hillside heading north from Telegraph Canyon up to the North Ridge Trail. Click on any photo to see these in enlarged views in a separate window.
But, it seems likely that a telegraph line was built to connect the new towns and that the line ran through the steep terrain of what is now the state park and maybe a dozen poles and pieces of line still remain as physical reminders of that old way of communication.

The last several miles of the walk through Telegraph Canyon were through areas with fewer trees, less shade and wider areas with grasses, cacti and smaller shrubs and trees.  Once the Diemer Trail was reached and the water plant came into view, the home stretch brought a last burst of energy to make that final haul back to the Discovery Center.

One of the prettier portions of Telegraph Canyon, west of Four Corners, on the westbound trek back to the Discovery Center.
It was about 2:30, a little less than six hours from the start, when the Easter weekend adventure ended and it was an eggcellent way to spend an early spring Saturday.

25 March 2016

A Ramble Through the Chino Hills North of Carbon Canyon

A nice shaded section of the route on this afternoon's trek.  Click on any photo to see them in enlarged views in separate windows.
This being a few days into spring and a beautiful one, a jaunt into the Chino Hills about 1 1/2 miles or so north of Carbon Canyon seemed like a great idea and it was a nice ramble along access roads parallelling the TRTP towers recently installed along a west-to-east corridor.

Looking south towards Carbon Canyon, with a bit of the graded Hillcrest housing project just left of center.
This was a walk that was taken along the same route some months ago, but with a significant difference.

One of the behemoth 198-foot TRTP towers striding across the hills from west to east.
The massive 198-foot towers did not yet have the several strands of wire strung from one to the next, but now they, and the multicolored balls that alert aircraft of their presence, are now a very conspicuous presence.  Some of the fine views obtained along the way are now compromised by having the wires in the line of sight.

A spray of purple wildflowers along the route.
Still, depending on where you are on the trek, the towers and wires may be on one side or the other, so there are still plenty of excellent vantage points looking in all directions.

Sunflowers also sprouting along the trail's edge.
For example, a glance to the north or the west can take in Tres Hermanos Ranch, Tonner Canyon, and the Boy Scouts of America camp, recently purchased by the City of Industry.

Looking towards the southeast and to Carbon Canyon and beyond.
Beyond are the towering peaks of the San Gabriel Mountains, the San Jose Hills from Pomona and San Dimas to Walnut and West Covina and the Puente Hills from Rowland Heights over towards Whittier.

This view looks southwest towards Brea and Orange County.
To the south and the east are more of the Chino Hills, large areas bordering Carbon Canyon from the summit in Chino Hills out toward Olinda Village in Brea.

To the northwest and Diamond Bar, the Puente Hills and the San Gabriel Valley.
In the distance are the Santa Ana Mountains and further out can be seen the San Joaquin Hills near Irvine and Newport Beach and, on clearer days than this, the Pacific Ocean.

Looking out to Tres Hermanos Ranch in Tonner Canyon and the San Gabriel range in the distance.
A clear view can be seen from points along the hike of the St. Joseph's Hill of Hope religious community in Lion's Canyon just above Carbon Canyon to the south of the trail, while to the north and west are camp sites, shooting ranges and other facilities from the Boy Scouts reservation.

Another view to the south and towards Carbon Canyon.
Given that some of these latter facilities are not in Tonner Canyon but are in adjacent canyons and locations, it may be that, although Industry has purchased more of the Scouts property, some of the sites may still be used by the scouting organization.

It is said that Industry is looking to convert much of Tonner Canyon to water storage for city needs, but how much of an impact that could have on other uses of the reservation is not known.

A lengthy section of the winding trail is captured here.
As to the still-abundant swaths of oak and walnut woodland habitat, it is nice to see some amount of greenery, even though this winter has brought only a fraction (about 5 inches) of the deluges predicted because of the El Niño storm system.

It looks like there is a chance for some showers from Tuesday to Thursday in the coming week, but how much greener our hills will get is certainly not clear.

Just one of many old, spreading and majestic oaks in our local hills.
Of course, with the Hillcrest housing development of 76 units in process just north of Carbon Canyon east of Sleepy Hollow and with the specter of other projects looking including the Stonecrest property of 28 approved units near the summit in the Chino Hills portion, the pending hearings for the 107-unit Hidden Oaks south of the Canyon, and the appeal of the 162-unit Madrona project north of the canyon between Sleepy Hollow and Olinda Village, the long-term prognosis for the area is still very much in dispute.

An outstanding example of a grove of oaks along the trail.
For the time being, we should enjoy the beauty of what remains in Carbon Canyon while we still have what is still here.